By Antonio Santosuosso
Read or Download Soldiers, Citizens, And The Symbols Of War: From Classical Greece To Republican Rome, 500-167 B.c. (History and Warfare.) PDF
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Extra resources for Soldiers, Citizens, And The Symbols Of War: From Classical Greece To Republican Rome, 500-167 B.c. (History and Warfare.)
But Mllti'ades w,~scorrect that ' ~ t t ~ ~w,~s c k inev~table,not only for the strategxc reasons dictated by internal polltics but also because, even ~f they had wanted to, their withdrawal toward Athens ruay have been tact~callyimyosslblc. Once they left the s,~fetyof t h e ~ rugged r terrain to return to Athens, they would have become grey to the more moblie Pers~ans. The Persians too could not wait forever. Their supply I~ne,even after the co~lquestof the nearby ~ s l ~ nofd Euboe'~, must 11'1\e been tenuous for an army o f that srze.
They were stalled by three events: Tlie rich s'ltr'lpy of Egypt rose In rebell~on,Judah followed slut, and the Great Mrng dred. Hts sort and lierr, Xerxes, reestabl~shedPersran rule in Egypt and Judalt, but serrous preparations for invading Greece did not begirl agarn until 484. By 481, Xerxes was ready to act. He sent her'11ds to Greece to ask the usual terrns of subtn~ssron-earth and water-and to prepare supply depots of food 3 r d water tor his arrny. The new Great K I I I wallred ~ to c ~ c c o ~ ~ ~what p l ~his s h f'lther h ~ f'1d11ed to do--to destroy Sparta and Athens.
At other tirnes, the observance of religious custorns presented serious ohstacles to entry ~ n t oa war. For Instance, when the A t h e n ~ a ~ had l s confronted Xerxes' father, Darius, earlier in tlie Perstan Wars, Athens had aslzed the Spartans for help. Although wllling to help, the Spartans could not co~nplyirnrned~atelyw ~ t hthe request, for they were In the m d s t of 1' fest~valdedicated to Apollo: "It was the ninth day of the first part of the ruonth, and they would rnake no expedition (they said) on the ninth day, when the moon was not full.