By Caitlín E. Barrett
This ebook investigates Hellenistic well known faith via an interdisciplinary research of terracotta collectible figurines of Egyptian deities, normally from family contexts, from the buying and selling port of Delos. A comparability of the collectible figurines iconography to parallels in Egyptian spiritual texts, temple reliefs, and formality items means that many collectible figurines depict deities or rituals linked to Egyptian fairs. An research of the items clay materials and production ideas shows that almost all have been made on Delos. also, archival learn on unpublished notes from early excavations unearths new facts on many collectible figurines archaeological contexts, illuminating their roles in either household and temple cults. the consequences provide a brand new standpoint on Hellenistic reinterpretations of Egyptian faith, in addition to the connection among renowned and reliable cults.
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Extra resources for Egyptianizing Figurines from Delos: A Study in Hellenistic Religion
Roussel (1916a), Huzar (1962: 173), Bruneau (1970a: 466), and Heyob (1975: 2-10) argue that the epigraphic evidence from Delos shows no sign of direct Ptolemaic attempts to propagandize the cult. Certainly, the erection of the Egyptianizing sanctuaries on the island appears to have been entirely independent of the Ptolemaic court. Apollonios—the priest whom the Sarapeion A chronicle credits with the introduction of Egyptian gods to Delos—was certainly not receiving Ptolemaic funding; he did not even have enough resources to build a temple at first (Engelmann 1975), and when his grandson could at last construct a temple, its location was less than desirable and its construction was rather shoddy95.
1987) collects the previous publications of the Athenian Agora figurines. 6. Technological Style However, the diverse nature of the Delian population105 raises another question: were the coroplasts on Delos necessarily born and raised in Greece themselves, or might some of them be Egyptians resident on the island? To address this issue, Chapter 3 examines the manufacturing techniques used to produce the figurines106. Egyptian craftsmen might be more likely to use technological styles typical of Egyptian coroplastic production, while coroplasts trained in the Aegean might be expected to adopt manufacturing techniques current in the Greek world.
Egyptianizing cult at a crossroads of hellenistic trade 11 subject is unknown) to Ammon at Sarapeion C40 on behalf of (ὑπέρ )41 Ptolemy IX, perhaps suggesting some royal attempt to reach out to the Egyptian cultic community on the island42. In total, the Delian inscriptions attest to four statues of members of Ptolemy VIII’s court, five statues of members of Ptolemy IX’s court (including two statues of the king himself), and one statue dedicated on behalf of Ptolemy IX43. Nonetheless, Ptolemies VIII and IX still attempted to make themselves visible on Delos.