By John Punter
Layout guidance in American towns ДИЗАЙН, ДОМ и СЕМЬЯ,НАУКА и УЧЕБА Название: layout instructions in American towns Автор: John Punter Издательство: Liverpool college Press Год: 1999 Страниц: 248 ISBN: 0853238936Формат: pdf Размер: 7 MBThis e-book is a examine of layout projects and rules in 5 US West Coast towns – Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, Irvine and San Diego – all of that have had rather attention-grabbing adventure of relevance to city layout perform in Britain and different countries.uploadbox.com.com eighty five
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20). Lang has attempted to clarify the relationship between design objectives, design principles and design guidelines in order to progress this matter, and in a British context Tony Hall has done the same in an attempt to articulate clear design objectives for sub-areas (termed design areas) of a locality (Hall 1996). It is possible to use a modiﬁed version of both their ideas to identify the key components of design policies, and to use these components to investigate the nature of design guidance in west coast cities of the USA (Fig.
108). These ﬁgures provide a clear picture of how zoning works as a largely self-regulating system, particularly for minor developments, but they also indicate that discretion is required for a large proportion of applications for new construction. This may involve zoning variances/adjustments, planning commission appeal, or environmental impact review, or perhaps all three if they are major projects. However, it can be seen that the discretionary control is concentrated upon individually Table 1.
Meanwhile, these criticisms provide valuable criteria with which to assess each system. Legal perspectives Other critics have focused more narrowly on particular problems within this list, particularly upon issues of freedom, justice and aesthetics. The potential abuse of discretionary power in design review has been a major preoccupation at both the legislative and administrative levels. Costonis has argued that design review is an area that often partakes more of high farce than the rule of law .