Download Design First: Design-based Planning for Communities by David Walters, Linda Brown PDF

By David Walters, Linda Brown

Well-grounded within the historical past and thought of Anglo-American urbanism, this illustrated textbook units out goals, regulations and layout rules for making plans new groups and redeveloping present city neighborhoods. Drawing from their broad event, the authors clarify how greater plans (and therefore greater areas) may be created by means of utilising the three-d rules of city layout and actual place-making to making plans problems.Design First makes use of case experiences from the authors' personal expert initiatives to illustrate how concept might be changed into powerful perform, utilizing strategies of conventional city shape to solve modern making plans and layout matters in American communities.The ebook is geared toward architects, planners, builders, making plans commissioners, elected officers and voters - and, importantly, scholars of structure and making plans - with the target of reintegrating third-dimensional layout firmly again into making plans perform.

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11 Seaside, Florida, Duany and Plater-Zyberk, 1982. This modest development became the poster child of traditional urbanism, but soon became the victim of its own success with escalating house prices, fostering the (unfair) image of New Urbanism as the exclusive province of an elite middle class. initially known as Neo-Traditional Development or Traditional Neighbourhood Development (TND). As we discuss in detail in Chapter 3, the co-mingling of Duany and Plater-Zyberk’s TND on the east coast with Peter Calthorpe’s experiments with ‘pedestrian pockets,’ or Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) on the west coast in the late 1980s gave rise to the movement now known as New Urbanism in 1993.

It was a singular recipe for convenience that gave little or no thought to larger issues of community aesthetics or pedestrian space. Architects largely ignored this commercial strip as a populist environment that offered no scope for their design talents, and which, moreover, was beneath their professional dignity. It wasn’t until 1972 that Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour startled the profession into reconsidering the suburban environment with their book Learning from Las Vegas, (as we shall discuss further in Chapter 3), and even then there was little positive response from architects for another decade.

Accordingly, a large part of this chapter is devoted to untangling the interwoven strands of suburban history and their influence on present-day practice. The nineteenth century witnessed a lot of cross-reference between suburban development in Britain and America, and we review this history in some detail to counter a prevailing American misconception of the suburb as a particularly American (and twentieth-century) phenomenon. Suburbs developed first in eighteenth-century England and the story of their origin and development there and in America – first as a companion and later as a rival to the city – is a complex one.

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