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By Rob Phillips

Examines the advances made within the box lately and appears on the quite a few equipment now used; perfect for graduate scholars and researchers.

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Additional resources for Crystals, Defects and Microstructures. Modeling Across Scales

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In the present section, our aim is to show in qualitative terms the different sorts of models that might be set forth for modeling materials and what is learned from them. 2 Modeling of Materials 19 Modeling Phase Diagrams. Earlier we noted that phase diagrams form one of the main backbones of materials science and are a fertile setting within which to pose many of the most interesting questions about materials. Dirac argued that once the Schr¨odinger equation was in hand, the rest of chemistry was just a matter of implementing sufficiently powerful numerical schemes for solving the relevant governing equations.

The presentation of data is provocative 28 1 Idealizing Material Response and the allied discussions are enlightening. This article is a personal favorite that I hand out in most of my classes. Physical Metallurgy edited by R. W. Cahn, North Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam: The Netherlands, 1965. Cahn’s books are made up of a series of articles by leading experts in the field. Topics ranging from phase diagrams to fatigue are represented from a modern perspective and, though the emphasis is on metals, the ways of thinking about materials are more general.

The basic idea adopted in Ashby’s approach is to allow the contrasts between the properties of different materials to speak for themselves. One of our aims in the chapters that follow will be to develop plausible explanations for the range of data indicated schematically in fig. 1, with special attention reserved for thermomechanical properties. Despite the power of the idea of a material parameter, it must be greeted with caution. For many features of materials, certain ‘properties’ are not intrinsic.

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