By Rob Phillips
A imperative guideline of fabrics research is the structure-property paradigm, which proposes a right away connection among the geometric constructions inside of a cloth and its homes. The expanding strength of high-speed computation has had a huge impression on theoretical fabrics technological know-how and has approved the systematic exam of this connection among constitution and homes. during this textbook, Rob Phillips examines a number of tools for learning crystals, defects, and microstructures, options that experience made such computations attainable. He additionally offers contemporary efforts to regard difficulties regarding both a number of spatial or temporal scales concurrently. specific case experiences illustrate normal rules in addition to their functions to present learn difficulties.
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Additional info for Crystals, defects and microstructures
H. Weiner, John Wiley & Sons, New York: New York, 1983. Weiner’s book has a number of interesting and useful insights into the meeting point between continuum mechanics and microscopic theories. Computational Materials Science by Dierk Raabe, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim: Germany, 1998. Raabe’s book is included here as an example of the high level to which a discussion of modeling materials may be taken. Raabe covers many topics similar to those covered in this book, though the emphasis is often different.
Whether we consider the metal and concrete structures that ﬁll our cities or the optical ﬁbers that link them, materials form the very backdrop against which our technological world unfolds. What is more, ingenious materials have been a central part of our increasing technological and scientiﬁc sophistication from the moment man took up tools in hand, playing a role in historic periods spanning from the Bronze Age to the Information Age. From the heterostructures that make possible the use of exotic electronic states in optoelectronic devices to the application of shape memory alloys as ﬁlters for blood clots, the inception of novel materials is a central part of modern invention.
As was shown above, the modeling of observed phenomenology concerning the properties of materials need not necessarily adopt an atomistic perspective. In addition to the microstructural evolution associated with both shape changes and coarsening of two-phase microstructures, one can also imagine the evolution of microstructures under conditions in which the driving force for structural change is more palpable. In particular, electromigration is a problem of abiding interest in the context of materials exploited in the microelectronics setting.