Download Crystallography and Crystal Defects, Second Edition by Anthony Kelly, Kevin M. Knowles(auth.) PDF

By Anthony Kelly, Kevin M. Knowles(auth.)

Content material:
Chapter 1 Lattice Geometry (pages 1–41):
Chapter 2 aspect teams and house teams (pages 43–84):
Chapter three Crystal constructions (pages 85–122):
Chapter four Amorphous fabrics and particular different types of Crystal–Solid Aggregates (pages 123–140):
Chapter five Tensors (pages 141–163):
Chapter 6 pressure, tension, Piezoelectricity and Elasticity (pages 165–196):
Chapter 7 go with the flow and Texture (pages 197–239):
Chapter eight Dislocations (pages 241–267):
Chapter nine Dislocations in Crystals (pages 269–304):
Chapter 10 element Defects (pages 305–334):
Chapter eleven Twinning (pages 335–361):
Chapter 12 Martensitic adjustments (pages 363–390):
Chapter thirteen Crystal Interfaces (pages 391–433):

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Additional resources for Crystallography and Crystal Defects, Second Edition

Sample text

If we stack rectangular nets vertically above one another so that a corner lattice point of the second net lies vertically above a similar lattice point in the net at zero level (t3 normal to t1 and t2) then we produce the primitive lattice P. 19d. It is a rectangular parallelepiped. 23. This is the orthorhombic lattice with centring on one pair of faces. We can also preserve the symmetry of a diad axis at the intersection of two mirror planes by stacking the rectangular nets in three staggered sequences.

One reason for this is that these poles lie normal to a diad axis. This is a special position with respect to this axis and has the result that if a crystal grew with faces parallel only to the planes of indices {hk0}, {h0l} and {0kl}, it would appear to show mirror symmetry as well as the three diad axes. A second reason is that each of the {hk0}, {h0l} and {0kl} forms is open, while the general {hkl} form is closed. Special forms usually correspond to poles lying normal to or on an axis of symmetry, and normal to or on mirror planes, and sometimes to poles lying midway between two axes of symmetry.

Such a point group is designated mmm, or could be designated 2/mm. 6, the multiplicity of the general form is now eight. The special forms {hk0}, {h0l} and {0kl} now show a lower multiplicity than the general one. The point group mmm shows the highest symmetry in the orthorhombic system. The point group showing the highest symmetry in a particular crystal system is said to be the holosymmetric class. 8. 8a the poles of the (001), (010) and (100) planes are immediately inserted at the centre of the primitive and where the x- and y-axes cut the primitive, respectively.

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