By Bernhard M. Riegl, Sam J. Purkis (auth.), Bernhard M. Riegl, Sam J. Purkis (eds.)
Coral Reefs of the Gulf: version to Climatic Extremes is a whole overview and reference for scientists, engineers and scholars fascinated by the geology, biology or engineering facets of coral reefs within the heart East. It presents for the 1st time a whole evaluate of either the geology and biology of all extant coral parts within the Gulf, the water physique among Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. In summer season, this zone is the most popular sea with ample coral development on the earth and already this present day shows a temperature that's expected to ensue around the topical ocean in 2100. therefore, through learning the Gulf this present day, a lot will be discovered approximately tomorrow’s global and the aptitude of coral reefs to evolve to climatic extremes. This quantity offers the main authoritative and updated evaluation of the coral reefs within the Gulf. it may be used as a quantity of common reference or as a textbook treating fresh coral reefs.
Written by means of neighborhood and overseas specialists, the textual content is richly illustrated and may stay a typical reference for the area for many years to come back. Contributions stretch from climatology via geology, biology, ecological modelling and fisheries technological know-how to functional conservation facets. The ebook turns out to be useful for the technical professional and informal reader alike.
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Extra resources for Coral Reefs of the Gulf: Adaptation to Climatic Extremes
4 Echinoderms Due to its shallow nature, the Gulf provides abundant habitat for echinoderms. Echinoids, asteroids, ophiuroids and holothuroids are common, although limited in species richness. The most common echinoids are Echinometra mathai and Diadema setosum, which occur mainly in areas with coral growth but also in oyster beds. Echinoids in particular are important due to their activities as bioeroders, which makes them a major controlling factor for reef-framework production and its breakdown to fine sediment.
23). This is of prime importance for reef building and coral growth in general, which often takes place on such hardgrounds (Riegl 1999; Purkis and Riegl 2005). Shinn (1969) provided evidence by using pottery and other artifacts in the lithified sediment that the lithification process is synsedimetary, taking place over just a few decades in depths to 30 m. Hardgrounds are cemented by acicular and fibrous aragonite and often also contain micritic cement of high-magnesium calcite 2 Environmental Constraints for Reef Building in the Gulf 25 Fig.
Pleistocene (MIS 7 and 5e) reefs are known from several Iranian islands (Pirazzoli et al. 2004). The total Gulf coral fauna is around 40 scleractinian (reef-building) species (Coles 2003) and 31 alcyonacean 2 Environmental Constraints for Reef Building in the Gulf 27 Fig. 25 The location of areas with extensive coral growth reported in the literature are indicated here by grey lines (soft coral) species (Samimi Namin and van Ofwegen 2009), but local diversity is usually lower. The highest number of species was recorded from Saudi Arabian offshore islands (50 species, in Basson et al.