By J.D. Hill, Glynn Rhodes, Steve Vollar
The aim of this guide is to supply recommendation and tips on these features of making plans and layout that would allow automobile parks to accomplish their functionality successfully, economically and while be person friendly.
Glossary of phrases creation layout short layout parts Dynamic concerns Static concerns movement layout circulate layouts Cycles and bikes Disabled drivers and carers Lifts and stairs safeguard Underground parking lighting fixtures and indicators Structural concerns Drainage concerns fireplace break out standards financial regulate air flow visual appeal
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The object is not one of precise assessment but rather one of establishing the relative circulation eﬃciency for one layout and comparing it with that for another. Provided that both are assessed in the same way, comparisons can be made without undue complexity. 200 m per stall and can be equated to a circulation eﬃciency of 100%. It can only be achieved in a single-bin facility where motorists enter at one end and exit at the other. Where cross-ramps and access-ways are used to complete the circulation in multi-bin layouts, the circulation eﬃciency will be reduced and will vary dependent upon the chosen layout design.
2 Simplicity The basic tenet of all circulation design is to ‘keep it simple’. What, at ﬁrst, might look like a clever idea to a designer could well end up as a 37 motorist’s nightmare. In a structured car park the layout should endeavour to replicate the openness of a surface car park. To this end, it is desirable to eliminate, as far as possible, vertical structure that interferes, both visually and physically, with the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians. Turning directly from one lock to the other is not a popular manoeuvre.
10 Dynamic eﬃciency Angled parking is more eﬃcient, dynamically, than right-angled parking when both incorporate stalls having similar dimensions. As the angle reduces so the stalls become easier to enter and leave, and it becomes increasingly diﬃcult for cars to turn against the traﬃc ﬂow. This improvement results, generally, in a reduction in static eﬃciency, a narrowing of the aisles wherein traﬃc and pedestrians mingle and a reduction in the distance available for turning between the outside faces of adjacent aisles.