By Maurice A . Finocchiaro
A examine of the relationship among Gaetano Mosca and Antonio Gramsci, protecting that they either belong to an analogous political culture of democratic elitism. It argues that Gramsci's political conception is a optimistic critique of Mosca's.
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Extra resources for Beyond Right and Left: Democratic Elitism in Mosca and Gramsci (Italian Literature and Thought)
Meisel is not the only scholar who has criticized Mosca as a myth-maker. "52 But they refer less to mythology than to ideology, in the sense of some kind of questionable evaluative commitment. Mosca was presumably committed to the middle class, as the class deserving to be the ruling class. This commitment gives at least an initial semblance of plausibility to the remark, otherwise quite puzzling, to the effect that Mosca's "political class" is an unclear concept which subsumes all sorts of things, the middle class among them.
52 But they refer less to mythology than to ideology, in the sense of some kind of questionable evaluative commitment. Mosca was presumably committed to the middle class, as the class deserving to be the ruling class. This commitment gives at least an initial semblance of plausibility to the remark, otherwise quite puzzling, to the effect that Mosca's "political class" is an unclear concept which subsumes all sorts of things, the middle class among them. The objectionable thing here is that this commitment introduces a partisan or subjective element into a theory which claims to be scientific and objective.
We shall discuss this topic later. For the moment, let us note simply that the Moschian realism just described is a constant feature of his way of thinking, and here we have merely an example. 15 According to this view, democracy is government by the people, and the only legitimate government is that which derives from the will of the majority of the people. Clearly, if the principle of minority rule is correct, then democracy in this sense has never existed; Mosca would also argue that there is no reason to believe it could ever exist in the future.