By Linda S. Cordell, Kent Lightfoot, Francis McManamon, George Milner
The greatness of the US is correct below our toes. the yankee past—the humans, battles, and homes—can be chanced on not just in libraries and museums, but in addition in hundreds and hundreds of archaeological websites that scientists examine with nice care. those websites usually are not in far-off lands, available basically via examine scientists, yet nearby—almost each locale possesses a parcel of land helpful of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in the United States is the 1st source that gives scholars, researchers, and someone attracted to their neighborhood historical past with a survey of an important archaeological discoveries in North the USA. top students, so much with an intimate wisdom of the world, have written in-depth essays on over three hundred of an important archaeological websites that designate the significance of the location, the background of the folks who left the artifacts, and the character of the continuing research.Archaeology in the United States divides it assurance into eight areas: the Arctic and Subarctic, the good Basin and Plateau, the good Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. every one access presents readers with an obtainable review of the archaeological web site in addition to books and articles for additional study.
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Extra info for Archaeology in America 4 volumes : An Encyclopedia
Weed ANCIENT VILLAGE LIFE IN THE NORTHEAST Village life in the Northeast did not arise until the Archaic cultures that characterized human adaptation through most of the Holocene evolved into the more sedentary societies that dominated the southern part of the region in the most recent millennia. Sedentary village life was the consequence of the development of plant cultivation as the primary means of subsistence, and the population growth made possible by farming. By 1000 BC people of the Adena culture were building burial mounds in southern Ohio.
These excavations also have recovered human artifacts, such as five fluted points, culturally modified megafauna remains, and other Paleoindian tools from pond sediments. Humans, mastodons, condors, and other animals all used this site, but the temporal context of its use by humans is not clear. The extent to which use of the glacial-period pond at Hiscock by human groups and megafauna species overlapped is difficult to determine. The arrival of the first human immigrants to the Northeast, about 12,900 years ago, coincided approximately with the beginning of a particularly cold period near the end of the last glacial age known as the Younger Dryas period.
The typical Paleoindian chipped-stone tool kit of the Northeast contained a hafted biface (a core of stone flaked on both sides) and flakes tools such as end scrapers, side scrapers, and gravers (sharp-ended tools used for incising or drilling holes). In areas where chert or flint occurred as nodules of at least fist size, production of blades is evident. Shoop is one such site in the Northeast where large blades and the cores from which blades were detached have been recovered. Blades could be modified into other tools such as end scrapers or used unchanged for tasks that required a sharp cutting edge.