Download Anomalous X-Ray Scattering for Material Characterization: by Yoshio Waseda PDF

By Yoshio Waseda

The evolution of our knowing of such a lot homes of recent practical fabrics is expounded to our wisdom in their atomic-scale constitution. To extra this, numerous X-ray and neutron thoughts are hired. The anomalous X-ray scattering (AXS) process, exploiting the so-called anomalous dispersion impression close to the absorption fringe of the constituent point, is likely one of the strongest tools for deciding upon the actual partial constitution features of person pairs of ingredients or the environmental services round particular components in multicomponent structures. AXS comes in handy for either crystalline and non-crystalline platforms, for reviews of floor and bulk fabrics. This ebook is the 1st in this new approach to structural characterization. It describes the fundamentals and alertness ideas, and in addition treats the specifics of program to liquid alloys, supercooled beverages, strategies, metal glasses, oxide glasses, superconducting ionic glasses etc.

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Additional info for Anomalous X-Ray Scattering for Material Characterization: Atomic-Scale Structure Determination

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47, 4385 (1967) 17 10. Y. Waseda: Novel Application of Anomalous X-ray Scattering for Structural Characterization of Disordered Materials (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1984) 18 11. W. E. Enderby: Proc. R. Soc. , A 390, 353 (1983) 18 12. E. Matsubara and Y. Waseda: Mater. Trans. JIM, 36, 883 (1995) 18 13. F. K. Warburton and A. Fontaine: J. Chem. , 87, 620 (1987) 18 14. E. Matsubara, K. Okuda, Y. Waseda and T. Saito: Z. , 47a, 1023 (1992) 18 15. K. Sugiyama and Y. Mater. , 7, 450 (1988) 18 16.

In other words, the complete separation of partial structure functions is extremely difficult in multi-component, non-crystalline materials containing more than three elements. The AXS method appears to hold promise in reducing this difficulty with sufficient reliability by obtaining the environmental structure function around a specific element as shown in the following. As shown in Fig. 8 using an A–B–C ternary case as an example, three environmental structure functions can be obtained from the AXS measurements at energies close to the absorption edge of A, B and C, respectively.

Rev. , 81, 3207 (1998) 33 31. E. Matsubara and Y. Waseda: J. Phys. Condens. Matter, 1, 8575 (1989) 34 32. Y. Waseda, E. Matsubara, K. Okuda, K. Omote, K. N. Okuno and K. Inomata: J. Phys. Condens. Matter, 4, 6355 (1992) 35 33. J. Shevchik: Philos. , 35, 805 and 1289 (1977) 35 34. H. Fuoss, P. K. Warburton and A. Bienenstock: Phys. Rev. , 46, 1537 (1981) 36 35. G. Munro: Phys. , B 25, 5037 (1982) 36 4. Experimental Determination of the Anomalous Dispersion Factors of X-rays – Theoretical and Experimental Issues Various aspects on the anomalous dispersion effect of X-rays have already been described (see, for example, [1, 2]).

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