Download Ancient Medicine (2nd Edition) by Vivian Nutton PDF

By Vivian Nutton

The 1st version of historic medication was once the main entire exam of the medication of the traditional international for 100 years. the hot variation contains the foremost discoveries made because the first variation, specifically from vital texts found in contemporary reveals of papyri and manuscripts, making it the main finished and up to date survey to be had. Vivian Nutton will pay specific realization to the existence and paintings of medical professionals in groups, hyperlinks among medication and magic, and examines different methods to drugs around the old international. the recent variation comprises extra on Rufus and Galen in addition to augmented details on Babylonia, Hellenistic drugs and past due Antiquity. With lately came upon texts made obtainable for the 1st time, and offering new facts, this large exploration demanding situations presently held views, and proves a useful source for college kids of either classics and the historical past of medication.

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24 How many of these would be women is unclear. 28 To integrate the varied evidence for disease in Antiquity into this general demographic background presents problems of its own. 29 Sometimes this is because the category was far too broad: the ancient heading ‘fevers’, ‘fiery diseases’, could cover almost any condition in which the patient’s body felt hot, while discussions of the way to treat ‘tumours’ included everything from cancer to carbuncles. In other instances, a disease itself may have mutated over the centuries to produce a whole series of related and possibly also short-lived strains, for example of viruses.

In Antiquity, the fever itself was the disease, but, even so, it required further precision. Some fevers, such as the socalled ‘shivering fever’, were described in terms of their effects, but the most common taxonomy depended on their periodicity, whether the high temperature was constant or waned and then returned after one, two, three or more days. The pattern on which this is based is that of malaria, a disease generally of low-lying marshes or slow-moving rivers, spread by the mosquito. 124 The mathematical regularity with which this can be calculated and forecast, as well as its typical seasonal pattern of late-summer infestation, will have suggested to the Greeks that disease too was subject to the same ordered laws as the rest of the universe.

D" D '\OJ. 'pid",",. C~, " Amphlaraon. "' , . Atliens~'\l Olympia 'V Piraeus Ii 0 <;J Tricca. Abdera Apollonia 2 PATTERNS OF DISEASE The world of Classical Antiquity was in its geography and in the range of its diseases restricted compared with the world of today. 1 Traders might reach as far as China, Malaya and Zanzibar, and sail from N. 2 For the most part, home was around the inland sea, ‘our sea’ as the Romans called it. 3 Travel was slow, whether on foot, on horseback or by sea, and fear of winter storms often closed the Mediterranean for weeks.

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