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Instead of a rudder hinged on the stern-post, triremes used two steering-oars, one on each side of the stern. Each was attached to a tiller (oiax), the ends of which were close together so that the helmsman could work both at once. (Author's collection) Expenditure Apart from the cost of building warships, their crews had to be paid. 1). In Athens the state financed the ship and its crew, but rich citizens paid for the equipment and repairs as one of the liturgies (trierarchia). According to the Decree of Themistokles (Fornara 55) the 'qualifications are the possession of land and a house in Attica, children born in wedlock, age not over fifty' (lines 20-23).

His total output is variously stated at between 70 and 90 plays, of which only seven have survived. As Aischylos was responsible for the introduction of a second actor, thereby allowing for true dialogue, he is generally regarded as the real founder of Greek tragedy. His most important play for our purposes is the Persians (Persai), which deals with the Persian naval defeat at Salamis in September 480 BC, at which Aischylos himself was probably present. In general, his plots tend to be characterized not by abrupt changes of direction, but by a build-up of tension and expectation of a climax anticipated by the audience.

The actual slips are low platforms 3m (10ft) wide cut in the bedrock, flat in cross-section and sloping seawards. Timber runners are laid on the slips, which have a gradient of 1 in 10. The ship sheds are 40m (131ft) long and have a clear width between the rows of columns of around 6m (20ft). D: OARSMEN The fundamental innovation of the trireme was that, since the ship was no more than 37m (120ft) long, the oarsmen were not arranged in straight lines, but in three staggered banks. This arrangement thus accomplished the threefold aim of a) not hampering rowing operations, b) not needing excessively high freeboard and c) limiting the vessel to a reasonable length.

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