By Ray Tomalty, Alan Mallach
The headlines approximately towns celebrating their resurgence—with empty nesters and Millennials alike making an investment in our city components, relocating clear of motor vehicle dependence, and important walkable, transit-oriented neighborhoods. yet, in truth, those alterations are occurring in a scattered and piecemeal type. whereas components of a handful of towns are booming, so much US metros proceed to stick to outdated styles of valuable urban decline and suburban sprawl. As demographic shifts swap housing markets and weather swap ushers in new methods of cost styles, strain for switch in city coverage is growing to be. progressively more coverage makers are elevating questions on the steadiness of rules that squander our funding in city housing, equipped setting, and infrastructure whereas carrying on with to aid growth of sprawling, auto-dependent improvement. altering those guidelines is the important problem dealing with US towns and metro areas, and people who deal with them or plan their future.
In America’s city Future, city specialists Tomalty and Mallach research US coverage within the gentle of the Canadian adventure, and use that have as a place to begin to generate particular coverage techniques. Their techniques are designed to aid the USA extra its city revival, construct extra walkable, energy-efficient groups, and specifically, aid land use adapt greater to the wishes of the getting older inhabitants. Tomalty and Mallach exhibit how Canada, a rustic just like the USA in lots of respects, has fostered more healthy city facilities and extra power- and resource-efficient suburban development. They demand a rethinking people public rules throughout these parts and glance heavily at what can be plausible at federal, nation, and native degrees in gentle of either the limitations and possibilities inherent in today’s political platforms and fiscal realities.
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Additional info for America’s Urban Future: Lessons from North of the Border
Emerging survey evidence points to a structural shift in real estate preference, away from far-flung, low-density suburbs toward mixed-use, compact, amenity-rich, transit-accessible neighborhoods or walkable places. 60 A more recent survey for NAR showed that the figure is growing, with 58 percent of home buyers surveyed preferred mixed-use neighborhoods where one can easily walk to stores and other businesses. 61 Conclusion There is no doubt that the ground is shifting under our cities. A demographic swing is in motion that is giving rise to a new class of home seekers demanding more urban environments and a wider range of travel options.
Revival of Downtowns A strong city center is essential to a livable city. Healthy and vibrant downtowns provide a focus for the region’s transit infrastructure, have walkable commercial and mixed-use districts, have a strong employment base, and can create a unique identity that provides the city region with a shared sense of purpose. In short, downtowns are convivial. As sprawl took hold in the immediate post–World War II period, downtowns in the US declined. Downtown office and retail buildings were old and neglected after years of war and depression, and they could not compete with new retail and office districts built at the periphery close to the burgeoning highway network.
To some extent, people tend to filter themselves into neighborhoods CHANGING WORLD, CHANGING CITIES | 23 and municipalities based on housing costs, transportation opportunities, proximity to employment, and so on, but income disparities between different districts in the same metropolitan area have reached disquieting levels in the United States. Researchers have shown that incomes in the richest 10 percent of census tracts in US metro areas are almost five times those of the poorest 10 percent, with the great majority of rich households living in new suburban locations and the poorest living in older neighborhoods in central cities and inner suburbs.